The popular traditions, based on disguises, have their origins in ancient festivals, which are very different from them. In these artistic events, there is a large opening to human sentiments and thoughts: they are meetings where all peoples converge with their social, ethnic, economic, political and religious differences. In these traditional celebrations, the daily life is built on imagination, on games and it allows a continuous enrichment and exchange of cultural knowledge. These urban festivals allow building forms of art often unique. Among these artistic events, we identify the Carnival, a city festival that, in the West, has the origin in ancient ceremonies of the Greek and the Roman period. These traditions are survivals of ancient purification rituals. However today the Carnival has become a symbol of meetings that take place in public spaces of the city where you can meet people with different cultural backgrounds. All this allows to enjoy and share traditional and artistic expressions of different cultures in large festivals with interesting diversities.
Olimpia Niglio, architetto, si è laureata nel 1995 presso l’Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, conseguito il master in Management dell’Arte e dei Beni Culturali, PhD (1997-2000) e post-PhD (2000-2001) in Conservazione dei beni architettonici, e successivamente diventata professore di Storia dell’architettura e del restauro. Dal 2002 al 2010 è professore incaricato presso il corso di laurea in Storia dell’arte dell’Università di Pisa, titolare della cattedra di Storia del restauro. Dal 2009 al 2011 ha insegnato Storia del restauro presso la Scuola di Specializzazione in Storia dell’arte del medesimo ateneo.